(born May 19, 1947)
Abramkin Valery Fedorovich (born May 19, 1947, Moscow). From a working family. In 1970 he graduated from the Moscow Chemical Technology Institute (MHTI); worked as a chemical engineer in the Scientific Research Institute of Inorganic Materials. Author of about 30 scientific works.
In his student years, A. began to write songs. He became one of the initiators of the creation of the Moscow Amateur Songs Club (KSP) – an organization that united fans of the author’s song (such clubs arose all over the country). Under the auspices of the PCB, tourist trips and rallies, concerts of amateur authors were arranged. A. was chairman of the PCB MHTI, a member of the Moscow board of the PCB.
In 1975 he left the PCB, over which the Komsomol structures began to establish control. He organized alternative meetings, called “Resurrection”. According to their materials, the same-named typewritten almanac was prepared, one of whose authors and authors was A. Later, in 1977, he prepared a samizdat “Compendium of Materials of Resurrection.”
In 1976 he was warned by the KGB officers about possible sanctions for participation in the “Resurrections”. He was searched; he was forced to leave the institute. In 1976-1979 he worked in the geophysical party, he was a logger, a stoker, a watchman in the church.
In 1978 he became one of the founders of the samizdat journal Searches. He joined the editorial board of the magazine, was the main organizer of his release and a permanent author.
During 1979, A. was repeatedly harassed in connection with the publication of “Quest”. He was summoned for interrogations and searched. The investigator told A. that if the journal does not stop publication, he will be arrested and convicted: “We know that you are the responsible editor of the magazine, you are trying to get other members of the editorial board to continue publishing.” On 12.04.1979 the editorial board of Searches made a collective statement in which the threats of the investigation were regarded as blackmail, as an attempt to turn A. into hostage, forcing publishers to choose between exercising their inalienable right to freedom of speech and real physical freedom of their colleague.
4.12.1979 A. was arrested. In connection with his arrest, A. followed the protests of members of the editorial board of Searches, the Moscow Helsinki Group (MHG) ;
several collective letters were written in his defense. A. was devoted to a 40-minute audio-collection, distributed on tape cassettes in the manner of samizdat texts.
The case was heard in the Moscow City Court (24.09 and 1-4.10, 1980). A. was accused under art. 190-1 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR ; he was charged with the editing and distribution of “Searches” (issues 1-2 to 7), as well as his article on the trial of A. Ginzburg, an interview with Readers of Quest (joint with P. Abovin-Egides) and the publication of the Charter -77 “.  He did not plead guilty.
He was sentenced to three years of prison camps in the colony of the general regime of the camps. The MHG statement of 10.10.1980 noted that A. “was convicted only and exclusively for trying to take advantage of the right to press freedom formally granted to citizens by the Soviet Constitution.” This is a criminal punishment for thought. ”
Served a sentence in the colony of the correctional labor colony in the Altai (1980-1982). Two days before the end of the term he was arrested and convicted (March 30 – April 4, 1983) for three years under the same art. 190-1 Criminal Code of the RSFSR for critical comments and letters from the colony. The sentence is another 3 years. The term served in the Krasnoyarsk region (1983-1985). Despite the pressure of the administration of the colony, A. refused to file a pardon with confession of guilt.
He was released in December 1985.
Since 1989 he has been creating public organizations that promote the reform of the penitentiary system of the USSR and post-Soviet Russia (“Prison and Will”, “Public Center for the Humanization of the Penitentiary System”, “Public Center for Assistance to Criminal Justice Reform”).
A. – one of the authors of the weekly broadcast for prisoners “Cloud” (Radio Rossii), publishes his articles in the periodical press and in various human rights publications.
Zubarev DI, Kuzovkin GV
The materials of the journal UFO