(O. Henry) [pseudonym; real name – William Sidney Porter (11.9.1862, Greensboro, North Carolina, 5.6.1910, New York), an American writer. After graduating from school, he served in a pharmacy, received a diploma of a pharmacist. In 1894, the editor-publisher of a humorous weekly, in which he published his first literary experiments. He worked as a cashier-accountant in a bank, was accused of embezzlement, half a year hiding from a court in Honduras; returning, spent more than 3 years in prison (1898-1901). In prison he wrote short stories, some of them were published in New York magazines. The author of the collection of stories “Four million” (1906), “Burning Lamp” (1907), “The Heart of the West” (1907), etc., the novel “Kings and Cabbages” (1904) – in fact a series of short stories connected by a general plot. The works of OG are distinguished by an ingenious plot, unexpected junctions, mocking humor. They form a fabulously adventurous epic of American life, full of reliable household signs and accurate social observations. Genuine hero OG – “little American” with his right to happiness. Far from satirical revelations, OG. in some stories with caustic sarcasm speaks of the vices of capitalist America.