- The physiographic position of Eurasia is determined by its size, a large extent from west to east and from north to south. Eurasia lies in all climatic belts of the Earth. It is the only continent that is washed by the waters of all four oceans. The coastline of the continent is strongly dissected, there are a large number of seas, bays, straits, peninsulas and islands. On the mainland Eurasia historically identified two parts of the world: Europe and Asia. Representations of Europeans about Eastern Europe and Asia have been formed for many centuries, gradually expanding and deepening. Due to difficult natural conditions, the study by Europeans of the northern, eastern and central regions of Asia began only in the 16th century. The development of Siberia and the Far East was carried out thanks to the efforts of Russian explorers. The study of Central Asia is associated with the names of Peter Semenov – Tian-Shansky, Nikolai Przhevalsky, Peter Kozlov. At the heart of Eurasia lies several ancient platforms. They are the remnants of ancient continents: Laurasia and Gondwana. In Eurasia, there are three gigantic folding belts: the ancient Ural-Mongolian and the young Alpine-Himalayan and Pacific. Young folding belts are seismically active. For the relief of Eurasia, it is characteristic that its European part is more flat than the Asian one. The relief is extremely diverse – from huge plains to mountains of different heights. Among the mountain systems is the highest – the Himalayas with the highest peak in the world – Jomolungma. The surface of the continent was changed by ancient glaciers, which several times covered the north of Europe. In Eurasia, there are almost all types of minerals.